For a printable copy, click here: The Oral Presentation
Overview This presentation will demonstrate your knowledge of a your researched subject and your understanding of appropriate academic tone and deportment in oral presentations.
Aim You will report your findings on your topic. You will try to inform the audience about your topic, present the problem, offer optional solutions, and persuade listeners to adopt the point of view you have gained in your research.
Audience Think of one of the following audiences
- your real audience—members of the class
- parents, relatives, who have expressed interest in the subject but don’t have time to do the research and would like to know how to believe
- government officials who must decide how to vote on the issue which will affect the people in their district, state, country
However, do not act. The best presenters are natural and consider the real audience in front of them.
Format You should
1) Establish rapport and interest with the audience. Think of something that will interest your audience in the subject. Tell how the topic is important to listeners.
2) Indicate the overall content and organization of the presentation
3) Use research material to develop and support key issues
4) Use 7-10 slides, one slide must be a title slide with the presenter(s)’ names on it.
5) Use 2-3 visuals (charts, tables, graphs, photos)
6) Summarize and make a natural closing
7) Ask for questions from the audience
Presentation Skills Consult our textbook for advice. In general, you should:
1) Speak extemporaneously, using notes and screen only as backups. Keep good eye-contact with your audience.
2) Speak with confidence and enthusiasm. Confidence sometimes compensates for tired, bored audiences.
3) Dress appropriately for a business audience. Wear clothing just above that of your audience.
4) Use your visuals effectively, including charts, tables, graphs, and photos to help listeners understand the issues.
5) Use your research to provide evidence and examples that help your listeners understand the issues.
6) Demonstrate effective use of visuals. That is, don’t put white text on light backgrounds, etc.
7) Minimize distractions, including annoying hand or body gestures, embarrassment fillers (uh, ummm, ya know), distracting sounds from the computer, computer animation without purpose for helping listeners understand or follow the reasoning.
8) Demonstrate the fact that you have prepared well and taken time to practice
9) Stay within the time limits, 10-12 minutes
10) If this is a team effort, EVERY MEMBER of the team should take a turn talking.
Do’s and Don’t’s
- If you are the person changing the slides, DO NOT click the mouse when your partner is talking,
- Do not move the mouse around; it will show up moving on the screen and distract the audience. KEEP YOUR HAND OFF THE MOUSE.
- Do not go to the next slide until the speaker tells you to. Sit quietly. You are not in charge at this point.
- Practice with the keyboard or clicker, so you don’t look foolish in front of the class.
- DO NOT move around and/or talk to other non-speakers. Do not laugh or make comments. Be absolutely like stones. Let the speaker have all the attention.
- If you are the presenter, DO NOT stand behind the computer.
- Do not turn to look at the screen in front or at the computer screen, DO look at the audience. (You may have note cards.)
- Do speak in a loud voice, but not yelling.